Outline and evaluate the main psychological

Evidence for the genetic element to depression comes from twin studies. However, Tolman suggested that learning was based on the relationships which formed amongst stimuli.

Cognitive Psychology

It looks at the role of genes and the biochemistry of the nervous system to explain mental disorders. The second is symbolic loss such as the loss of a job or social prestige. Does the theory or study being discussed judge other cultures by Western standards?

One of the factors involved in schizophrenia is an excessive amount of dopamineHigh levels of serotonin have been thought be involved in the manic state of bi-polar depression. The introduction, main body and conclusion should all be linked.

It was also found that the strange situation was very reliable because the results of the observers were consistent with one and other and there was almost a perfect inter-observer agreement 0.

I nfection Slide5 Too much or too little of a neurotransmitter can lead to psychopathology. Humans are a lot more complex than animals and so therefore research on animals to study behaviour cannot be applied to human behaviour.

McGuffin et al studied pairs of twins, at least one of whom was being treated for major depression. They found that symptoms of depression were more common in those who had lost a parent in childhood through divorce or death.

His book Purposive Behaviour in Animals and Man in described research which behaviourism found difficult to explain. Humanism rejected the assumptions of the behaviorist perspective which is characterized as deterministic, focused on reinforcement of stimulus-response behavior and heavily dependent on animal research.

Classical conditioning as an explanation for attachment describes the baby receiving food and unconditioned stimulus and producing an unconditioned response happiness and the mother feeding the baby will be the neutral stimulus.

Interest in mental processes had been gradually restored through the work of Piaget and Tolman. Repeating citations unnecessarily disrupts the flow of an essay. This means that each person, in different ways, seeks to grow psychologically and continuously enhance themselves.

It also aimed to encourage exploration by putting the infants into a novel situation and thus testing the secure base concept of Bowlby's theory of attachment.

AS Psychology - A Grade Essay Answers

Inwith the sponsorship of Brandeis University, this movement was formally launched as the Association for Humanistic Psychology. To improve the flow of your essay make sure the last sentence of one paragraph links to first sentence of the next paragraph.

Following this I will briefly outline the bio-logical approach to psychology and how this approach explains depression. However, the monkey study was conducted on monkeys and it could be argued that this is not an accurate representation of human attachment.

Some of the behaviours included the parent leaving the room, and stranger being presented and the parent returning. Operant conditioning describes attachment as a reinforced response. The History of Humanistic Psychology Maslow developed a hierarchical theory of human motivation. Jarvis, Putwain, and Dwyer,P.

For Rogers the focus of psychology is not behavior Skinnerthe unconscious Freudthinking Wundt or the human brain but how individuals perceive and interpret events. Once again remember that references need to be in alphabetical order according to surname. They use the results of their investigations as the basis for making inferences about mental processes.

Depression, along with general health, was associated with levels of anger. This is an important feature of quality of communication along with spelling and grammar.Below is a free excerpt of "Outline and Evaluate One or More Psychological Definitions of Abnormality" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Failure to Function Adequately is one definition of abnormality.

Cognitive Psychology

Writing a ‘describe and evaluate a theory’ essay Probably the commonest sort of essay question asks you to describe and evaluate one or more psychological theories/explanations of something. Evaluation is a difficult skill because The main idea of the theory is clearly articulated.

Humanism rejected the assumptions of the behaviorist perspective which is characterized as deterministic, focused on reinforcement of stimulus-response behavior and heavily dependent on animal research. Humanistic psychology also rejected the psychodynamic approach because it is also deterministic, with unconscious irrational and instinctive forces determining human thought and behavior.

Behavioural theories of depression like that of Ferster () and Lewinsohn () suggest it is lack of positive reinforcement, which causes depression.

For example, the loss of a loved one may cause depression due to loss of the positive reinforcement, this can also happen with the loss of a job.

AS Psychology - A Grade Essay Answers

Outline and evaluate the biological approach to Psychopatho PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides- (12 marks). Outline the biological approach - 6 marks.

Essay Writing Guide for Psychology Students

Evaluate the biological approach - 6 marks. Begin your essay by summarising this information in one paragraph.

The biological approach treats psychological disorders in the same way as physical disorders. Outline and evaluate 2 social and psychological theories of aggression.

Aggression is defined by Baron & Richardson () as `any form of behaviour directed towards the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment'.

Outline and evaluate the main psychological
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