Like the Sumerians and Egyptians, the Olmec leaders used religion to control their subjects. Because, like the Harappans, we do not have decipherable writing from them, much of the writing about the Olmecs is based on educated guesses, which leaves much room for disagreement. In Egypt, thousands of small villages developed with fewer cities than Mesopotamia.
In the Nile the Pharaohs were the top because they were considered to be reincarnations of their gods. Seals were writing and images stamped into clay to designate ownership by a specific person. Indus lasted from BC while China was ruled by 9 dynasties.
Rather than placating a volatile god, the Egyptians just wanted to keep the peace and harmony that they were experiencing to keep going. Irrigation allowed water to be used farther away from the river itself, thereby allowing more people to use the river water.
Mesopotamia was more technological in its approach and the environment was very difficult to manage than the Nile valley.
They also had the technology for raising silkworms and turning the cocoons into silk clothing. In terms of religion, they buried their dead in cemeteries. What made this area particularly suitable for the development of a civilization, besides the water, soil and sunshine, was its location in an easily accessible area, not surrounded by mountains.
The way of Government which in case of Egypt was central and authoritative in the case of Mesopotamian stresses mostly on city-state equation.
The highest concentrations of villages were along the Jordon River Valley in Palestine.
By placing themselves symbolically and literally at the center of all exchanges, Shang kings reinforced their power over others. The traders brought their culture with them, leaving signs of influence in the central mountains of Mexico as well as southern Guatemala, miles from central Olmec territory.
Thus, both the Chinese and Olmec culture developed more independently than the others. Because of these people moving from the rural areas into the villages, the villages grew into the first cities in about B.
They also had the technology for raising silkworms and turning the cocoons into silk clothing. Thus, the Shang Dynasty, the first historical Chinese dynasty began about B.
The pharaoh ruled over a large bureaucracy consisting of the upper level of court officials, religious leaders, and military leaders as well as a lower level of scribes, artisans and tax collectors. In Mesopotamia the beginning of monuments was usually considered to be contemporary founding in Sumerian cities while in China the best architectural achievement was building the great wall which was 1, miles long.
China may have had help, but it would have been almost impossible to help the Olmec get started, given the geographic barriers. Both Egyptians and Sumerians depended on anthropomorphic deities to control flooding.
There was scant rainfall and frequent flooding, similar to Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus. People settled along the Yangtze and Yellow River. Sumerian traders travelled as far east as India, sailing for weeks to reach that distant land.
And special importance was given to the merchant class and commercial law.The first indian script develops in the Indus Valley around BC -it is still not possible to fully understand Later, Indian scripts, like Brahmi and Khatosthi were developed to write both official and local languages.
Dec 28, · The purpose of this paper is to compare the developments and features of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia (Sumer), Egypt, India (Indus River Valley, Harappa), China (Shang dynasty), and Mesoamerica (Olmec), starting from the creation of villages to the formation of civilizations.
Ancient River Valley Civilizations.
Mesopotamia v.s. Egypt. Same.
Multiple groups of people came through Mesopotamia ; Egypt's first form of government was a theocracy ; Egyptians specially prepared their bodies before it was placed in the ground ; Indus v.s. Mesopotamia. Same. The Indus Valley civilization used the Indus script (or Harappan Script), which is a script yet to be completely deciphered and is rather undeveloped compared to cuneiform and hieroglyphs.
Finally, the Chinese script was developed and evolved over millennia to become the common Chinese script used today. This paper will compare and contrast the two eastern civilizations i.
e. the Chinese and Indus Valley with their western counterparts i. e.
the Mesopotamian and the Egyptian civilizations regarding the influence of the religion in. River Valley Civilizations Compare and Contrast Essay Sample.
The Nile River Valley Civilization started at the northernmost peak of the Nile River, the Indus River Valley Civilization started along the south-western part of the Indus River.Download